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    Last July, African heads of state meeting in Kigali, Rwanda, decided to “conduct a study on the institutional reform of the African Union”. They mandated Rwandan ruler Paul Kagame to undertake the study “with a view to submitting a report on the proposed reforms and thus put in place a system of governance capable of addressing the challenges facing the Union.” Kagame embarked on this mission with gusto, picking a team of experts to help him with the task. His report, dated 27 January 2017, is titled The Imperative To Strengthen Our Union: Report on the Proposed Recommendations for the Institutional Reform of the African Union.

    Not reform, overhaul the African Union

    Henry Makori

    “The future will have no pity for those men who, possessing the exceptional privilege of being able to speak words of truth to their oppressors, have taken refuge in an attitude of passivity, of mute indifference, and sometimes of cold complicity.” -Frantz Fanon

    One would have expected that a comprehensive introduction or background to a study of institutional reform of the African Union in the 21st century would, among other things, locate the need for reform within the spirit of Pan-Africanism, or the Union’s Constitutive Act, or even its latest blueprint, Agenda 2063. None of that features in the Kagame Report. Instead, the first two paragraphs tellingly read as follows:

    “As unprecedented challenges multiply and spread across the globe at a dizzying pace, new vulnerabilities are increasingly laid bare, in rich and poor nations alike.

    “Every country must adapt, but the distinctive feature of recent developments is that even the wealthiest and most technologically advanced nations cannot hope to deal with the changes alone.”

    This is deliberately misleading. What is being said here, exactly? That Africa is caught up in a whirlwind of problems, which, however, are not unique to the continent but are of a global nature. Both rich and poor (meaning African) countries face the same problems and no one is really to blame for this. Or everyone is equally to blame. Africans, like everyone else in the world, must be part of the solutions, etc.

    Is that really the case? Who controls the largest share of the world’s resources and how did that come to be? What accounts for the mass poverty among African people here on the continent and elsewhere? Who is largely responsible for the climate crisis, African nations? Who dominates and manipulates the much vaunted institutions of global governance to the detriment of Africa? Who actually wields global power and to what ends? Who is responsible for the wars in Africa?

    The case put forward by the Kagame Report on these and related issues constitutes a most disgusting and shameful denial of everything that the African Union should stand for. It is denial of Pan-Africanism, the ideology that should undergird the Union. Of course Africa faces a lot of problems. But we know that these are not “global” problems as such. The problems faced by Africans are brought about primarily by imperialism, by a global political economy deliberately rigged against Africa and the South. Africa’s problems are a question of social justice, not merely of management. That is the Pan-Africanist position.

    “As unprecedented challenges multiply and spread across the globe at a dizzying pace…” Multiply and spread across the globe on their own? The language of the Kagame Report is not the language of Pan-Africanism. It is the language of neoliberalism. It is the totalizing language of globalization. It is not the language Julius Nyerere would use. Or Kwame Nkrumah. Or Thomas Sankara. Or Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem.

    This Report frames the African Union as an example of “multilateral cooperation”, facing similar challenges with other such organisations around the globe. Well, here is some news for Kagame and his team: Pan-Africanists have never ever envisaged African unity as a multilateral project. Africans wherever they may live on this Planet are one people with one destiny. There is nothing multilateral about their quest for total liberation, unity and prosperity. That is called Pan-Africanism.

    The challenges of “multilateral cooperation” are worse in Africa where, the Kagame Report claims, “arbitrary internal divisions imposed on us by history, have left us relatively more isolated, both from each other and the world as a whole.”

    Please read that again: Africa’s internal divisions were “imposed on us by history”. Oh, really? Which history? Whose history? Like the unprecedented challenges multiplying and spreading virally across the globe apparently on their own, some impersonal thing called history imposed divisions on Africa. Not the European colonialists. No, it is history that is guilty. Could there possibly be a more brazen attempt by a group of Africans to absolve European colonialists of one of the most egregious crimes against humanity, as that great son of Africa Samora Machel described it? If this is the thinking within the African Union, will this organization ever raise the issue of reparations for colonialism and the Slave Trade (which, by the way, was also imposed on us by history)?

    Having thus repudiated African claims against imperialism, Kagame and his team then proceed to throw in a few words in Pan-Africanist language purely for decoration: “To overcome that legacy, we had to come together in shared purpose and action, first to liberate ourselves from foreign domination, and then to set our people on a path to dignity and prosperity.” Decoration because the past tense implies that these goals – at least liberation from foreign domination – have been accomplished.

    In the language of the market, the Kagame Report re-conceptualizes the role of the African Union in the lives of African peoples as service delivery. The African peoples emerge as the AU’s clients. “Without an African Union that delivers, the continent cannot progress, and we face the likelihood of yet another decade of lost opportunity…”

    Consequently, a review of the literature on the AU’s challenges produces nine findings upon which the Kagame group base their recommendations. The findings are:

    • The chronic failure to see through African Union decisions has resulted in a crisis of implementation

    • A perception of limited relevance to African citizens

    • A fragmented organisation with a multitude of focus areas

    • Overdependence on partner funding

    • Underperformance of some organs and institutions due to unclear mandates or chronic underfunding

    • Limited managerial capacity

    • Lack of accountability for performance, at all levels

    • Unclear division of labour between the African Union Commission, the regional economic communities (RECs), other regional mechanisms (RMs), and member states

    • Inefficient working methods in both the Commission and the Assembly

    Outsiders not to blame?

    But Kagame et al seem to realize that their findings are entirely of the technical/managerial/financial type. That cannot be very good, so they try to sound a little bit more sophisticated:

    “Honesty requires us to acknowledge that the root problem is not primarily technical, but rather the result of a deeper deficiency.” Oh, yes. So what is the “deeper deficiency”, sirs?

    At this point one would have hoped that Kagame and his reform geeks would delve into the ideological question of the African Union in the world today. But that would be hoping for too much. For the Kagame people, the AU’s deeper deficiency comprises that cliché we have heard so often in hegemonic discourses about Africa, namely, leadership failure. Here they go:

    “It is not for lack of ideas, visions, priorities, resources, or capabilities that the African Union has failed to keep pace with changing times. Nor can outsiders be blamed for the internal divisions that needlessly slow us down at times.

    “Reform does not start with the Commission. It starts and ends with the leaders, who must set the right expectations and tempo. The effectiveness of the African Union, after all, is our business and responsibility.”

    Let’s be fair. Surely, the AU may be mired in a multitude of failures, but has it really failed to “keep pace with changing times”? What does that even mean? The AU is headquartered, not in a rock cave, but in an ultra-modern complex, courtesy of the Chinese. Heads of State and their entourages of hangers-on fly first class to Addis or wherever for their meetings. They don’t ride on a donkey. They drink bottled water – not from a calabash – at those meetings. Meals cooked by top chefs. During the summits, they don’t sleep on mats and cow skins inside grass-thatched, mud-walled huts. That is really keeping pace with the changing times, or isn’t it?

    Reform of the African Union, we are told, does not start with the AU Commission – don’t even mention the African people. Reform “starts and ends” with the “leaders”. It is their “business and responsibility”. Sure. But it is the second sentence of the first paragraph of what the Kagame Report considers to be the AU’s deeper deficiency that is particularly outrageous: “Nor can outsiders be blamed for the internal divisions that slow us down.”

    At this point one must ask: Whom was this report really written for?

    With that sentence – and for the second time, after attributing Africa’s problems to “history” – the Kagame Report attempts to absolve imperialists by covering up the well-documented outsider meddling and looting that has kept “independent” Africa impoverished and under foreign domination for decades.

    In Rwanda, a terrifying dictatorship at the heart of Africa where Paul Kagame rules the roost, persons found guilty of revisionism regarding what the Kagame Tutsi oligarchy calls “genocide against the Tutsi” are sentenced to long jail terms. Yet Kagame has no qualms about shredding African history and attempting to distort the present reality.

    Outsiders are not to blame for Africa’s internal divisions? It is clear Paul Kagame and his team have never heard of Francophonie. Never heard about 14 African countries whose currencies are controlled by France. Never heard of the Commonwealth. Or AFRICOM. Not a word about the NATO invasion of Libya, the assassination of Muammar Gaddafi and destruction of Africa’s most prosperous nation. They have never heard of foreign “aid” and the African debt crisis. Or EPAs. Or the World Bank, International Monetary Fund and World Trade Organization. Nothing about Structural Adjustment Programmes. Or the powerful UN Security Council with no African permanent member. Never heard of Western arms sales to Africa and the link to political instability. A fake global war on terror? No. There is no imperialism. No foreign meddling. We, Africans, are the problem.

    Holy shit!

    Given this level of hypocrisy and cover-up, is it surprising that Kagame and his experts prescribe the following for reform of the African Union?

    • Focus on key priorities with continental scope

    • Realign African Union institutions to deliver against those priorities

    • Manage the African Union efficiently at both political and operational levels

    • Finance the African Union ourselves and sustainably.

    There is no point in going into the details of each of these prescriptions, for the simple reason that even if they were implemented a hundred percent, without the Pan-Africanist spirit, they cannot make the AU any better.

    The AU’s deeper deficiency

    Africa is not yet free. This point has already been illustrated. If anyone is still in doubt, let them just peruse a recent report by the non-governmental organization War on Want titled The New Colonialism. It shows how 101 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange — most of them British — have mining operations in 37 African countries. They collectively control over $1 trillion worth of the continent’s most valuable resources. Africa’s total liberation from imperialism remains the first task of the African Union.

    The eminent Tanzanian academic and Pan-Africanist Issa Shivji puts it this way: “The power of corporations and the dictates of the World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF) and WTO to the peoples and states of the world make nonsense of any democratic states, particularly in Africa. The first condition of democratic states, in the sense of being responsive and accountable to their peoples, is that they are independent and sovereign…under globalization this condition is severely undermined. Their economic policies, their legislative processes and their political stances are all determined by the international financial institutions (IFIs) who are under the hegemony of big states and giant corporations.”

    Therefore the African Union’s deeper deficiency, to borrow the Kagame Report’s expression, is failure to make anti-imperialism the centerpiece of its work. It is a betrayal of the Union’s Pan-Africanist origins. Africa’s problem is not poverty, bad leadership, disease, ignorance, poor technology, bad governance, natural disasters, angry gods or anything of that kind – each looked at in isolation. Africa’s problem is imperialism, period. Africa is not yet free.

    A radical transformation

    The African Union needs a radical institutional transformation rooted in the Union’s Pan-Africanist origins, as follows:

    1. Anti-imperialism

    In his foreword to Kenyan leftist politician Jaramogi Oginga Odinga’s autobiography Not Yet Uhuru, Kwame Nkrumah writes: “It was in order to eradicate totally and completely foreign rule and domination from Africa and to fortify the continent against the turbulent world of power politics that we bent our concerted efforts towards unity.”

    Anti-imperialism is the central pillar of Pan-Africanism. The Kagame Report is enough to show anyone that the African Union is no longer animated by the spirit of Pan-Africanism. The AU has been totally captured by imperialists who fund it and set its agenda, together with their African lackeys such as Paul Kagame. No amount of reforms can cure the Union. It needs to be liberated from the clutches of imperialism. How can this be done?

    It cannot be hoped that the same political class, so-called African leaders who have mortgaged the African Union to imperialists can embark on the Union’s radical transformation. It is not in their interest to do so. It remains for the African people themselves to liberate the Union. The people must organize to overhaul the AU.

    2. Popular participation

    In neoliberal democratic terms, a murderous tyrant like Paul Kagame, on account of having been “elected” head of state, is supposed to represent the voices of all Rwandans at the African Union. He doesn’t. In what ways does the people’s will enter the decisions of the African Union? At the present time, the peoples of Africa have entirely been cut off from the AU. The Union is too bureaucratic. Appointments to its organs are a matter for the heads of state of each country, without any input from the people. In the end, the appointments are no more than political rewards for allies of the president back home. This is not Pan-Africanism.

    Kwame Nkrumah wrote in Odinga’s book: “Ordinary men and women throughout Africa, even those living in the most remote villages, are now talking the language of the African revolution. They speak of ‘unity’ and are prepared for the next, more realistic, phase of the struggle. In fact, a situation has arisen in which the people of Africa are ahead of their governments in that they have accepted the idea of unity while their leaders, in many cases, continue to hold back or proceed too slowly.”

    How did this burning spirit of Pan-Africanism die among the people, such that few people are nowadays interested in the African Union? The answer may be found in what Shivji calls “monopoly of politics” in post-colonial Africa. This is the reality in many countries, particularly Kagame’s Rwanda: First, no politics or political activity is allowed outside the state-party. Mass organisations – trade unions, students’ movements, women’s organisations, youth associations and even sports clubs and cultural groups – are brought under the control of the ruling party. Second, if organized interests are not permitted, it follows that articulation and expression of those interests cannot be permitted either. So all the various media of expression (newspapers, magazines, radio and TV, blogs) and institutions that propagate ideas (schools and universities) are under the hegemony of the state. Third, arising from the above two points, is the development of a closed society. Public affairs are conducted mostly secretly and citizens become spectators rather than actors and commentators. The right to know is severely curtailed. Finally, monopoly politics produces “a culture of intolerance which expects and actively solicits unanimity of views.”

    How can people living in closed societies develop an active interest in the affairs of the African Union? As Prof Horace Campbell, Kwame Nkrumah Chair of African Studies at the University of Ghana and a long-time contributor to Pambazuka News, points out, “Current leaders such as Yoweri Museveni and Paul Kagame may grandstand on reforms and the capabilities of the African Union but the seriousness with which they will be taken will be determined by the levels of transparency and democratic participation in their societies.”

    3. Self-reliance

    This year marks the 50th anniversary of the Arusha Declaration, the socialist manifesto developed and adopted by Tanganyika African National Union (TANU), the party of President Julius Nyerere. It states that:

    “Independence means self-reliance. Independence cannot be real if a nation depends upon loans and gifts from another for its own development. Even if there was a nation or nations prepared to give us all the money we need for our development, it would be improper for us to accept such assistance without asking ourselves how this would affect our independence and our very survival as a nation.”

    That statement applies to the African Union one hundred per cent. The Union’s funding is not merely a matter of operational efficiency. It is about independence. It is about being able to carry out the Pan-Africanist mandate. Whoever pays the piper calls the tune.

    According to the Kagame Report, in 2014 the African Union’s budget was $308 million, more than half of which was funded by imperialists, or donors, as the Kagame group prefers. In 2015, the budget rose by 30 per cent to $393 million, 63 per cent of which was funded by imperialists. In 2016, imperialists contributed 60 per cent of the $417 million budget. This year, AU member states are expected to contribute 26 per cent of the proposed $439 million budget, while imperialists are expected to contribute the remaining 74 per cent. The Union’s programmes are 97 per cent funded by imperialists.

    So, who owns the African Union? Can this organization carry out the Pan-Africanist mandate?

    Kagame and his group discuss the question of self-reliance at length. They recommend penalties on states that do not pay their membership dues, prudent management of funds, etc. There is no point going into all that. How do people like Kagame even begin to prescribe self-reliance to the African Union when his imperialist puppeteers fund up to 40 percent of Rwanda’s budget?

    Prof Campbell had expressed skepticism about the Kagame group’s ability to effectively address the funding problems of the Union. He was prescient. “It will remain to be seen whether the Chairperson of the reform process (Dr Donald Kaberuka, the former president of the African Development Bank (AfDB) and finance minister of Rwanda) will raise the question of African resources in the global value chain as part of the agenda of how to increase revenues for African peoples, and ultimately for the African Union.” Of course that issue appears nowhere in the Kagame Report.

    Africans are quite capable of fully funding the African Union. But not a Union owned by “leaders” and their imperialist partners. Rather, a Union whose Pan-Africanist mandate includes ending the massive theft of Africa’s wealth by the so-called leaders and their imperialist partners, and pursuing reparations for enslavement and colonialism and the return Africa’s stolen wealth.


    The Kagame Report should be tossed into the dustbin. It appears to be addressed to imperialists – the real owners of the African Union at the moment – and not to the peoples of Africa. The Report has Kagame’s own agenda written all over it. Kagame – who orchestrated the rape of Rwanda’s constitution to allow him to run for another seven-year term this year, without provoking any tantrums from the sanctimonious West – is positioning himself as a Pan-Africanist. Authoring this Report gives him an opportunity to use the African Union to further ingratiate himself to the imperialist centre and, particularly important, to keep the spotlight away from his horrendous crimes against the people in Rwanda and the Great Lakes region.

    It is probable Kagame is using the script of his buddy, Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya, on how to use the AU for private agendas. Using the Union, Kenyatta and his deputy William Ruto (both indicted for crimes against humanity) embarked on an overheated campaign posing as African nationalists opposed to imperial machinations of the International Criminal Court. And the AU did not disappoint.

    Africans on the continent and around the world must continue to fight for the radical transformation of the African Union from a project serving the selfish interests of African rulers and their imperialist backers to a radical organization of the African people championing their total liberation, unity and prosperity rooted in the spirit of Pan-Africanism.

    Perhaps there is no better way to end this reflection than to echo the deep and urgent counsel of the South African freedom fighter, scholar and Pan-Africanist, Dr Motsoko Pheko:

    “Pan-Africanism is more relevant to the African world today than when it was formalised over one hundred and twenty years ago. Yes, we may be Jamaicans, Tanzanians, Trinidadians, Kenyans, Zimbabweans, Angolans, Nigerians, Ghanaians, Basotho, Zambians, Namibians, South Africans, Azanians, African Americans, Afro-Brazilians etc. But the train that will take all Africans to their destination and give them power to take their destiny into their hands is the Pan-African train.”

    * Henry Makori is an editor with Pambazuka News.


    Fanon, F. 1964. Toward the African revolution. New York: Grove Press.

    Kagame, P. 2017. “The Imperative to Strengthen Our Union: Report on the Proposed Recommendations for the Institutional Reform of the African Union.”

    Odinga, O. 1967. Not yet Uhuru: The autobiography of Oginga Odinga. Nairobi. East African Educational Publishers.

    Shivji, I.G. 2009. Where is Uhuru? Reflections on the struggle for democracy in Africa. Nairobi: Pambazuka Press.

    “The Arusha Declaration: Socialism and Self-Reliance. 1967.” Adopted by the National Executive Committee of TANU (Tanganyika African National Union) and subsequently by the Party’s Annual Conference. Reprinted on the occasion of the 2nd Julius Nyerere Intellectual Week, April 12-15, 2010, organized by Mwalimu Nyerere Professorial Chair in Pan-African Studies, University of Dar es Salaam.



    parfait umusore ukomoka mu kidaho wari wungirije umukuru wabadaso mu karere ka burera aherutse gusangwa mucumba atamiye isengeri bitangazwa ko yiyahuye kandi yishwe.
    ushobora kwibaza uti yishwe ate kandi bitangazwa ko yiyahuye!47 intumwa yabakiga nabigukurikiraniye murabizi mu bakiga ntaho mpejwe hose banyumva neza.
    uwo nyakwigendera parfait yakandamijwe bishoboka nuwo yari yungirije binyuze kumakosa uwarumukuriye yakoraga ahita agira umujinya
    afata umwanzuro wo kumurega murabizi ukuri kose siko kuja ahagaraga yandika amakosa yose ayajanira DPC wa burera abinyuza kuri secretair we uwo mu secretair we aranavuga ati urikoraho kubwizinyandiko nubwo ari ukuri.umwana afunga umwuka ati bitange.amaze ku bimuha biba akabyabindi nguwo urega niwe uregera uwarezwe arabimenyeshwa hanyuma nyakwigendara ahita amanurwa kuba fasi bidatinze ahita yoherezwa mu kinyababa nawe urumva kumuntu wari woherejwe ku murenge kandi avuye kukarere urumva harimo akantu!ubworero umwana ntiyacitse intege yagomeje kwibutsa ikirego cye babonye ko azabakoraho kuko iyo nyandnamwe
    yarimo amakosa yabayobozi bakuru kuburyo byagombaga kugera kuri H.E PAUL KAGAME agahita abakenyeza urabakwiye!bahisemo gucura umugambi wo kumwica basanga bitapfa gukunda bahitamo kumunigisha amaniswe ngo babeshe ko yiyahuye abe ariyo iba impamvu.bidatinze aranigwa amaniswe bamusanga mucumba yapfuye batangaza kuyayahuye batanamugejeje mu bitaro byifatira icyemezo bidahagaswe bashira aho bashaka!akazi kabe kararangiye abategetsi ubu bariho neza undi yarapfuye.mwabaturage mwe ntakindi nakora usibye kubagaragariza ukuri nkuku mukamenya rwo uwanyu azize.nje ndabivuze ntaco mwantwara kuko sintegekana namwe
    bizamenyekana bidatinza kuko ntimwaheza amaraso yinzirakarengane kandi nawe muyobozi wamwicishe twakumenye nutabizira umwana wawe azabizira cg nyoko na so!ni binananirana namatungo yawe azapfa ntiwaheza amaraso yumuntu.njewe nka 47 intumwa yanyu ntakindi nakora usibye kubatumikira nkibi nkoze!niba utabishigikiye kora share!byari bikwiye bavandimwe?



    Umuturage watemye DASSO yarashwe na Polisi ahita apfa

    Mu masaha ya mugitondo cyo kuri uyu wa Kane tariki 20 Mata 2017, umuturage wo mu karere ka Rusizi mu Burengerazuba bw’u Rwanda yarasiwe kuri sitasiyo ya Polisi ya Kamembe ahita apfa. Aha kuri sitasiyo ya Polisi yari yahagejejwe kuri uyu wa Gatatu akurikiranyweho icyaha cyo gutema umukozi w’urwego rwa DASSO akoresheje umuhoro.

    Uyu musore w’imyaka 25 y’amavuko witwa Namahoro Jean Bosco yarashwe n’abapolisi ubwo yageragezaga gutoroka mu gihe yari akinguriwe hamwe n’abandi bafungiye kuri sitasiyo ya Polisi ya Kamembe bagiye mu bwiherero. Amakuru y’iraswa ry’uyu musore yanemejwe n’ubuvugizi bwa Polisi y’u Rwanda.

    ACP Theos Badege, umuvugizi wa Polisi y’u Rwanda, yatangarije ikinyamakuru ko Namahoro Jean Bosco yarashwe n’abapolisi kuko babonaga agiye gutoroka kandi ntakundi bari kubigenza mu gihe yari akurikiranyweho ibyaha bikomeye byo gutema ushinzwe umutekano akoresheje umuhoro.

    ACP Theos Badege ati: “Ni umufungwa wagerageje gutoroka hanyuma abapolisi bari bari ku kazi nta bundi buryo bari basigaranye, usibye kumurasa kuko yari atorotse kandi yari yarakoze icyaha kiremereye. Ni umuntu watemye DASSO n’umuhoro mu gahanga. Ari umupolisi wabikoze, yabikoze kuko yari azi uburemere bw’icyaha cy’utorotse, ikindi no kuba yatorotse nawe yari afite inkomanga ku rwego ruremereye rw’igikorwa yakoze. Nta bundi buryo rero umupolisi yari asigaranye nyuma yo gukora icyo amategeko amutegeka byose”

    Umuvugizi wa Polisi y’u Rwanda, ACP Theos Badege

    Uyu muturage wo mu Kagari ka Ruganda, Umurenge wa Kamembe mu karere ka Rusizi, kuri uyu wa Gatatu yatemye umukozi w’urwego rwa DASSO witwa Venuste Ndahagaze ubwo yari mu gikorwa cyo gusenya inzu yubatswe mu buryo butemewe n’amategeko.

    Iyi niyo nzu DASSO yasenyaga umuturage aramutema amukomeretsa cyane mu gahanga

    DASSO watemwe yajyanywe kwa muganga avirirana cyane nyuma yo gutemwa n’uyu muturage warashwe ashaka gutoroka



    Mu mvugo yateye ubwoba Abanyamakuru, avuga ko yari afite umugambi wo kwica abandi benshi,
    Yari amaze iminsi ine afunguriwe kwica umuvandimwe we. Nyuma yo kwica Christine yishe undi,
    Ngo uyu munsi yari kwica undi,…

    Kacyiru- Ku biro bikuru by’ishami rya Police rishinzwe ubugenzacyaha CID ku gicamunsi cyo kuri uyu wa Gatandatu Ingabire Benjamin yiyemereye ko ari we wishe Christine Iribagiza uherutse kwicirwa mu murenge wa Niboye mu karere ka Kicukiro, avuga ko nyuma yo kwica Iribagiza yishe undi muntu ku itariki 20 Mata.

    Ingabire Benjamin yiyemereye ko ari we wishe nyakwigendera Christine
    Ku itariki ya 13 Mata ni bwo inkuru yamenyekanye ko Christine Iribagiza wari wararokotse Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi yishwe n’abantu bamunigishije umugozi.

    Kuva ubwo Police yahise itangira iperereza. Kuri uyu wa Gatandatu yerekanye abagabo batatu bakekwaho ubu bwicanyi.

    Ingabire Benjamin wiyemerera ko ari we wishe Iribagiza Christine, avuga ko yafatanyije na mugenzi we witwa Hatangineza Ismael Hassan.

    Ingabire Benjamin wari wafunguwe ku itariki ya 09 Mata na bwo nyuma yo kurangiza igihano yari yakatiwe kubera kwica umuvandimwe we, avuga ko yari afite umugambi wo kwica abandi bantu benshi bagera ku 1000.

    Uyu wiyemerera ko yishe nyakwigendera Christine, avuga ko yari agiye kwiba imodoka yari iri mu rugo kwa nyakwigendera ariko yabanje guhuza umugambi n’umuzamu wo kwa Iribagiza.

    Ngo agezeyo uyu muzamu bananiwe kumvikana ku byo bari bemeranyijwe nawe ngo ahita ashaka kumwivugana. Ati ” Nabonye atangiye kwinangira mpita mujyana mu gikari ndamwica ariko ntiyapfa.”

    Yahise yinjira mu nzu asanga Iribagiza akamwaka amafaranga n’urufunguzo rw’imodoka akabimwima agahita amwica amunigishije umugozi.

    Uyu mugabo wiyemerera ko atari ubwa mbere yari akoze ubwicanyi, avuga ko uyu munsi yari kwica undi muntu.

    Ingabire wakoreshaga imvugo ziremereye zateye ubwoba abamwumvaga yagize ati ” Uwo nari kwica uyu munzi ararusimbutse.”



    Paul Kagame Strungles Rwanda Middle Class

    The Rwanda autocratic leader and a wannabe King of Africa, has directed the middle class to stop renting out their properties.



    Mu murenge wa BUSHENGE mu Karere ka Nyamasheke haravugwa umugabo waraye yishe uwo bashakanye bapfuye ibisheke.
    Ngo uwo mugabo ubwo yari ageze iwe saa saba y’ijoro yari afite ibisheke.
    Ubwo umugore yahise amubaza aho abikuye kuko yabonaga asa nuvuye kubyiba .
    Umugabo yahise abona ko agiye kumuvamo ni uko kumutera icyuma yari afite. Ngo yakomeretse bikomeye aza gushiramo umwuka agejejwe ku ivuriro.






    Umunyeshuri witwa Noélla Cyuzuzo wigaga muri Collège Immaculée Conception Save yitabye Imana ku mugoroba wo ku wa Kabiri ariko urupfu rwe rwateje urujijo mu bantu aho bivugwa ko yari yimwe uruhushya rwo kujya kwivuza
     Amakuru y’urupfu rw’uyu munyeshuri yatangiye kuvugwa ku mbuga nkoranyambaga kuri uyu wa Gatatu tariki ya 03 Gicurasi 2017, aho bamwe bavugaga ko yasabye uruhushya ku ishuri kugira ngo ajye kwivuza ariko ubuyobozi bw’ikigo bukarumwima bikamuviramo kwitaba Imana.

    Mu gitondo cyo kuri uyu wa Kane ariko hakavugwa n’andi makuru uyu yitabye Imana amaze kugezwa mu bitaro ndetse ko yazize asima.

    Ubuyobozi bwa Collège Immaculée Conception Save, aho Cyuzuzo yari asanzwe yiga buvuga ko ibivugwa ku mbuga nkoranyambaga ntaho bihuriye n’ukuri kuko uwo mwana w’imyaka 17 y’amavuko yari asanzwe afite ikibazo cy’uburwayi mu myanya y’ubuhumekero, akaba yaritabye Imana yamaze kugezwa ku bitaro bikuru bya Kaminuza, CHUB.

    Umukozi ushinzwe icungamutungo, Soeur Mathilde Tuyishimire, yavuze ko uwo mwana yari asanzwe afite indwara ya ‘asima’, yakundaga kumufata bitunguranye bityo bakaba bahitaga bamujyana ku bitaro.

    Ati “Yafashwe nka saa mbiri na cumi n’itanu z’umugoroba bageze ku meza aho barira, kuko n’ubundi yari asanzwe afite ikibazo cya asima kuko yarayivukanye, iyo yafatwaga twahitaga tumujyana ku bitaro bya CHUB. Ubwo rero akimara gufatwa twahise duhamagara ambulance ajyanwa kwa muganga, yapfiriye kuri CHUB barimo bamwongerera umwuka.”

    Soeur Tuyishimire avuga ko kuri ubu umuyobozi w’ishuri hamwe n’abandi barimu ndetse na bamwe mu banyeshuri bagiye mu gikorwa cyo gushyingura uwo mwana ku ivuko i Nyamata mu Karere ka Bugesera.




    Dear President Lungu

    I am compelled to write this open letter because of the above subject. I am a Rwandan refugee living in Norway.

    Your Excellency as Rwandan  President Paul Kagame visits your country. I would like to highlight the following points.

    As much as you have every right to invite who your country wishes you need to ask yourselves as a country a number of questions. How are these leaders you invite treating their nationals.

    Your Excellency , your  brother Paul Kagame ,comes to Zambia with dirty hands. But if Zambia wants  to make her hands dirty by shaking them with dictators like Paul Kagame then I don’t know where our beloved Africa is going to.

    Your Excellency , a man like Mr Kagame who is well known for human rights violation within and out side Rwanda is of no use to your democratic country which respects the right of every citizen through the freedom of expression, freedom of association, freedom of assembly and freedom of choice.

    A man like Mr Kagame who does not want to leave power is of no use to your democratic country  which continues to enjoy the smooth transfer of power through holding free and fair elections where the opposition leaders  are allowed to register their political parties without hindrance from the state.

    Your Excellency, there is no opposition in Rwanda.  While in a democracy the role of the opposition is to provide checks and balance to the  government, in Rwanda Mr. Kagame does not tolerate anyone who is opposed to his views.
    It is in this regards that he has made sure that no voice of an opposition is heard in Rwanda,only those that sing praises to him are given space speak.

    The opposition figures in Rwanda who have shown the willingness to stand up and challenge him using their democratic rights, have been arrested in some trumped up charges and others have been denied an entry to Rwanda by Kagame through the immigration authority.

    The recent case of Father  Thomas Nahimana an exiled politician living in France who attempted twice to travel to Rwanda to register his political party Ishema party. He was denied entry into his own country  together with his team. This makes a sad reading.This goes on to show how far Mr. Kagame has reached in closing the political space in my country.

    Rwandans can indeed be declared persona non grata in their own country for politically not agreeing with Mr. Paul Kagame.

    Madame Victiore Ingabire Umuhoza who is serving a 15 years imprisonement for simply expressing that she stands ready to unite the country. She wanted to register her party so that she can participate in the elections. It is now over 5 years her political party the United Democratic Force of Rwanda FDU Inkingi is not registered. It’s members are being brutalised every day by the Kagame brutal regime. This this the same story with  PDP Imanzi of Deogratias Mushayidi.

    Mr. Deogratias Mushayidi serving life imprisonement for simply being a Tutsi who doesn’t agree with Kagame’s  leadership style of victimization.

    Mr. Kagame being a Tutsi, expects every Tutsi to agree with him even when it is clear that  he is not following the principles of democracy.

    Your Excellency, a man like Mr. Kagame who is a well known  trouble maker in great lakes region, is of no use to a respectable country like Zambia which enjoys good relationships with her neighbouring countries in the region.

    A man who does not respect the three arms of government by controlling  parliament and judiciary. He is of no use to a country like Zambia where these arms of government work independently.

    There is no democracy in Rwanda, your Excellency.

    Africa is even late on the issue of this subject.I believe that we can not say  Africa is a Democratic continent when some of her countries are living in a world that does not support or promote  the fruits of democracy.The democracy issue in Rwanda is of great concern as
    Paul Kagame has failed to uphold the principles of democracy.

    He has failed by amending the constitution to allow himself to stay in power forever while he knows his term of office is  coming to an end in August 2017.

    Your country, Mr. President is one of the countries which can boast of having fruits of democracy ,but the question is. what is Zambia doing to help other countries reach the minimum attribute of a free country?

    Your Excellency, being a leader of a country that is building her Democratic attributes, Zambia can help a country like Rwanda to meet the same.

    Zambia can help Rwanda by facilitating a madiation between Kagame’s government and the opposition political parties so that a sustainble solution is found to the currently pending political tension in Rwanda.

    Your Excellency, being the  President of a country which is hosting a lot of Rwandese refugees,  you are in the best position to initiate this madiation and as a Rwandan who is hungry for true deomocracy in my country Rwanda, I look up to you  to restore our hope.

    Your Excellency, I am appealing to you, as you are going to share the meal with your brother Mr.Paul Kagame, whisper to him to open up the political space in Rwanda. Challenge him to free Madame Victoire Ingabire and Mr. Deogratias Mushayidi and let their political parties be registered, whisper to your brother to let Father Thomas Nahimana and his team travel to Rwanda and exercise his democratic rights of reaching out to people as he listens to their concerns and tell them what he has to offer in his Party Manifesto.

    Your Excellency whisper to Mr. Paul Kagame to stop kidnapping, torturing and killing the innocent Rwandans through his notorious directorate of military intelligence(DMI).

    Finally your Excellency, I would like to thank your peaceful country Zambia for providing a home to hundreds of Rwandese refegees  including myself who ran away from Mr. Paul Kagame,s  brutal regime.

    Your Excellency, your intervention in resolving the political problem in Rwanda will go a long way in restoring peace and stability in the great lakes region and  lessen your country’s  burden of hosting refugees.

    May God bless you and the nation of Zambia.

    Jeanne Mukamurenzi,

    Trondheim, Norway.



    Paul Kagame Militia Are terrorising Rwandan Mothers

    It has become the norm for Paul Kagame’s Militia to humiliate Mothers trying to Make a living.




    Today, 1st July 2017, on Rwanda’s Independence Day, our two political parties, namely, Mouvement National Inkubiri and New RNC-Ihuriro Rishya henceforth declare their merger into one political movement, Ishakwe-Rwanda Freedom Movement(RFM)

    Since July 2016, the two political parties announced publicly to all Rwandans and the rest of the world a commitment to work together, based on a common vision, ideology and strategic plans that each side subscribed to. Both parties embarked on unconditional bilateral talks, as well as joint actions that have characterised the intervening months.

    Since that time, the two parties have had deep and comprehensive talks on Rwanda’s history; ethnic challenges among Hutu, Tutsi and Twa, that have characterised our mutual history during successive changes of power; problems of regional divisions; relentless and often bloody struggles for power; the capture of security institutions by cliques; discrimination, injustice and the culture of impunity; war and genocide; national governance; the chronic problem of refugees; Rwanda’s relations with the rest of the world based on people’s and national interests; and, promoting sustainable development based on the interests of the Rwandan people.

    Our two parties concur that Rwanda’s history was characterised by the following:

    The rule by cliques from Monarchy to the Republics. Clan-based (Tutsi) monarchical rule was replaced by Republics (Hutu and Tutsi) but the structure of power has not changed for centuries.
    In Rwanda’s entire history, Rwandan citizens have never enjoyed freedom.
    In particular, the interests of the ordinary citizens-whether Hutu, Tutsi or Twa- have been marginalised by successive regimes of elite whose interest has always been to capture, monopolise, and retain power by dictatorial means at all costs, until removed by violent means, with incalculable loss of Rwandan lives.
    Institutionalization of ethnic divisions and regionalism by cliques in power, to the extent that many Rwandans have become hostages to their ethnic group, instead of a common sense of culture, national belonging, and destiny.
    Successive regimes have entrenched and maintained state power through deception and myths, thereby denying the opportunity to Rwandans for organizing civil society as a pathway to enjoy fundamental freedoms.
    Foreign interests have connived with, and manipulated, the cliques in power against Rwanda’s and people’s interests.
    The continuing legacy of dictatorship and its tragic consequences to all Rwandans is now being re-enacted in the de-facto crowning of President Paul Kagame as life-President in the upcoming sham elections.
    Fear, divisionism, a slave mentality, and a cruel pursuit of power without values and accountability have driven Rwanda and its citizens to repeated cycles of death and destruction. Since power is obtained and maintained by violent means, not by people’s sovereign choice, every successive regime has usurped people’s power, and appropriated enormous power to rule with impunity, deployed state machinery to amass wealth, and banished people’s interests to fringes of society. Many Rwandan people have been coerced or lured into being blind followers, clapping masses, and hostages to ethnicity. Sadly, many Rwandans are yet to recognise that every citizen has an inalienable right to life, that all Rwandans are equal before the law without discrimination, and that no one ethnic group or region should claim rights superior to, or above and beyond, those extended to every Rwandan citizen by law. This state of affairs accounts for the vicious and bloody cycles of violence before 1959, during, and after the 1959 Revolution, and in every decade since then until 1994 when a clique of Hutu extremists in power committed genocide against Tutsi. On their part, Tutsi extremists in RPF’s army, through its notorious Directorate of Military Intelligence (DMI), committed genocide, war crimes, and crimes against Hutu. DMI’s killing spree has now become an enterprise without borders, extended to all ethnic groups without discrimination.
    Both parties had enough time to reflect and share the lessons learned from the struggles they have gone through. In particular, they shared their common vision to build a society which guarantees the interests of every citizen, and promotes sustainable development for all citizens in all spheres of their lives.

    The bilateral talks ended with a commitment to work together, including plans to harmonise ways and means to make the struggle more efficient and effective.

    Just as the leaders of both parties struggled to make the international community accept genocide against Tutsi, they again rededicated themselves to extend their struggle to make the United Nations and the rest of the international community accept genocide against Hutu. They also agreed to promote the right to remember genocide against Hutu, and all victims of war crimes and crimes against humanity. Both parties committed themselves to struggle to bring all perpetrators of these crimes, be they some former members of MRND/CDR or RPF/DMI, before the will of the Rwandan people and justice.

    On 25-26th March, 2017, both parties attended, in Brussels, Belgium, the First International Conference on Genocide Against Hutu that was convened by the Rwanda Truth Commission. On 8th April, both parties attended the joint commemoration of genocide against Tutsi and genocide against Hutu in Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

    Both parties were already involved in joint activities on other fronts like diplomacy, information, and advocacy on matters regarding Rwandan refugees.

    Throughout their deliberations and actions, it was clear that there was common ground in thought and action with regard to Rwanda’s history, the recurrent problems that have corrupted relations among the people, a vision for change, and the way forward to redeem our nation and people. Both parties reaffirmed a commitment to struggle to establish good governance anchored on the foundation of people’s interests rather than on the power of cliques and their clients, power that is inclusive and protective of all, and institutions that afford equal opportunity to all citizens without discrimination based on ethnicity, region, gender, class or other forms of division.

    For all the reasons mentioned above, both parties have therefore decided to merge into one political party, ISHAKWE-RWANDA FREEDOM MOVEMENT, with effect from today, 1st July, 2016.

    A free, united and prosperous Rwanda.

    Promoting our common humanity; community; valuing all Rwandans without discrimination; right to remember all victims of genocide and other crimes; sanctity of life; empathy; respect for all fundamental human rights; equal participation in all aspects of the nation’s life; equal opportunity; mutual respect and tolerance; promoting Rwanda’s interests; and truth.

    To work with all Rwandans to overcome all forms of dictatorship after a long and tragic history, by promoting truth-telling, remembering all victims, doing everything possible to give “never again” its authentic meaning, and being the vanguard in the struggle to build together a free, united and prosperous Rwanda.

    Promote the unity of all Rwandans and banish all forms of discrimination. We shall proactively and relentlessly promote the building of an inclusive and harmonious society comprising of all ethnic groups, regions, religions, gender, and all other diversity so as to defend, protect, and promote all Rwandans everywhere.
    Promote freedom of all Rwandans without discrimination.
    Promote the creation of a nation in which the security of all citizens is guaranteed, based on the rule of law, democracy, inclusiveness, consensus, and participatory governance.
    Promote a culture of truth-telling on the shared trauma that has impacted, and continues to afflict, all Rwandans. Only truth will save Rwandans from mutually assured destruction and create opportunities for genuine unity, reconciliation, and healing; eradicate the culture of impunity once and for all and establish restorative justice; encourage Rwandans to remember together all the victims of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity; assist all survivors without discrimination; and, promote healing for individuals, families and communities suffering from pervasive trauma.
    Promote ordinary people’s interests through inclusive, innovative, and wealth-creating mechanisms, and deter parasitic elites who plunder and redistribute wealth by controlling the state.
    End the chronic problem of refugees once and for all.
    Promote reconciliation, cooperation, and integration among the peoples of the Great Lakes region of east and central Africa.
    Promote the unity, pride and interests of Africa in the international community, especially on matters of sustainable development and climate change.
    Promote world peace and security, international justice, and international solidarity.
    Sow the seeds of enlightenment and renaissance in Rwanda, the Great Lakes region and Africa.
    A Board of Trustees is the supreme organ of the party.

    In the day-to-day running of the organization, the Board of Trustees is assisted by the Executive Committee.

    The Board of Trustees is a collegial body, and makes decisions through consultation, consensus, and a spirit of brotherhood/sisterhood.

    The Board of Trustees determines all other structures of the organization, their functions, and management.

    Every Rwandan, except those who benefit from the deadly chaos that has ravaged our nation, dreams of peace, freedom, unity, shared prosperity, and unconditional right to life. Let us unite to struggle for what is ours.

    We call upon all Rwandans to unequivocally condemn the evil that has ruined Rwanda for too long, speak truth to power, and seek to eliminate all forms of divisions that dictatorships have thrived on for centuries.

    Let us dedicate ourselves and future generations to build a truly dynamic and progressive Rwandan culture at the heart of Africa, taking pride in doing the right things, and doing them right. We refuse to be the region’s, Africa’s, and the world’s guilt-ridden ‘enfant terrible’, notorious for inflicting death and destruction on each other.

    Let us uproot, once and for all, the hatred and divisions that underlie the extensive and continuous trauma that Rwandans inflict on each other.

    Let us undertake to build a Rwanda that is under people’s sovereignty, under the rule of law and institutions, rather than the bloodied hands of cliques.

    As citizens of Rwanda, it is our obligation and duty to save, build and heal our country. There are no other benefactors who will do this for us. It is our choice to stand up and be counted as truth-bearers who will build a nation that never discriminates among its living and the dead; a nation that is at peace with itself and her neighbors; a nation whose leaders are servants of the people; and, a nation in which all citizens have equal opportunity to live long, healthy and productive lives.

    That is the nation that ISHAKWE-RWANDA FREEDOM MOVEMENT(RFM) is building with effect from today, here.

    Wishing all Rwandans Happy Independence Day!


    1st July 2017


    Dr. Theogene Rudasingwa, Chairman Mr. Eugène Ndahayo, Vice Chairman

    Mr. Sixbert Musangamfura Mr.Jonathan Musonera

    Secretary General Deputy Secretary General

    Dr. Nkiko Nsengimana

    Head, Strategy, Legal and Consitutional Affairs

    Mr.Joseph Ngarambe

    Head, Radio Ishakwe, Information and Communication

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