February 23, 2017 at 12:35 pm #254Rwanda
The Rwanda New times newspaper, a few weeks ago published an article with the title ‘Are Rwandans in Kigali finally turning into urbanites?’ offering a historical reflection of Kigali city and how quickly the city has become urban over the last few decades.
One of the undeniable elements in the traditional setting that the author refers to as ‘scattering of villages’ is the abundance of public open spaces a.k.a ‘akarubanda’, as the saying would go ‘nta gasharu katagira akarubanda’, meaning there was no hilltop devoid of public open space.
The public open space in front of the king’s palace had only one entrance that people used to get through to the ‘imbuga ngari’ where Rwandans used to meet for traditional concerts and other social activities.
Indeed, akarubanda dotted each and every hill in Rwanda.
As time flies, as the traditional smoking pipe disappears, as the mango trees and the goats fade away, has ‘akarubanda’ followed suit? And if this were the case, why would this be?
Logically akarubanda should increase and become even more significant, more valuable to increasing population of the Kigali urbanites my fellow author focuses on.
The way we no longer see the traditional smoking pipe is perhaps the same way we do not see lots of opportunities for public open space in the city currently.
Kigali does not have open parks, public gardens, public plazas, etc. and the few open spaces available are not easily accessible to the public. The car free zone project was a commendable attempt but for over two years, the street in yet to become a public space.
One of the biggest benefits of public open spaces in a city is that they enhance the quality of life for the urbanites, which consequently is a key factor of building a sustainable city, a dream that each city in the worlds would like to achieve.
As we work hard towards implementing SDGs and other urban policies, it will he inevitable to rethink how the city can activate, bring back akarubanda. The satisfaction, everyday experience and the perception of the citizens are some of the key factors to determine the urban livability and in turn they depend on the economic, social, and environmental qualities of a city, all of which can be greatly improved by presence of adequate public open spaces.
But just how do public open spaces offer that antidote? Focusing on their benefits can indeed inspire us to think a lot more faster and respond more innovatively to this issue. I will discuss the environmental, social and economic benefits.
On the environmental and ecological benefits, cities have become concrete and asphalt jungles. Too much hard-surfaced building and roads, whose density is on the rise day by day. Unlike vegetation that would convert solar energy into food, the built environment traps leading to ecological consequences such as higher temperatures and uncertain rainfall patters.
The skyscrapers further reduce wind speeds, hence affecting the ventilation at the city scale and causing undesirable heat island effects. Undoubtedly, public open spaces within a city fabric offer many other ecological benefits.
The trees and vegetation further provide shelter and improve air circulation, where as water bodies and fountains provide breezes that help to reduce the fluctuation of temperatures as they absorb a lot of the unwanted heat.
Public open spaces further help to alleviate air pollution and noise pollution, which are very common in any city. The increasing natural habitats attract more wildlife promoting biodiversity.
On the social and psychological benefits, human beings are said to be gregarious and expected to meet and socialise. Public open space certainly offers such a scene for social cohesion. Scholars have defined public space, as “the stage upon which the drama of communal life unfolds”.
It provide citizens a place for different everyday outdoor activities, be it playgrounds for children, picnic areas for families, training fields for sports people, social events for communities, leisure activities for all.
Looking at the World Health Organization’s definition of health as ‘a state of complete psychical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity’, it becomes more exciting to know that public parks are medicinal!
Research has shown that when people are exposed to natural environments, their immunity system can be boosted and their stress levels rapidly reduced. They also contribute to environmental awareness and psychological benefits; research has shown that close access to public open spaces by the community members can reduce the level of violence and crime.
On economic benefits, public open spaces have also been said to contribute to economic development though job creation especially for the youth, socialisation leads to more clients and more profits for business within. When public open spaces are successful, the property value of adjacent buildings goes up.
As mentioned before, they reduce heat island effects, hence reducing amount of energy consumption and the cost of maintenance at the city level. Pollution control is another benefit as they encourage rainwater harvesting into ponds or water bodies as well as offer grounds for storm water management. Additionally, they promote urban tourism and attract more travelers.
Therefore, the provision of akarubanda (public open space) is very important in contemporary urban design and planning and ought to be prioritised amongst all other urban agenda.
In the context of the urban change and rapid urbanisation sweeping across cities in the developing world, the physical, social and economic benefits of public open spaces are way too heavy to be ignored.
The writer is a lecturer at the school of Architecture, University of Rwanda. An architect and urban designer with keen interest on the dialectical relations between architecture and society.March 8, 2017 at 10:03 pm #375Rwanda
Hari abaturage bararana n'amatungo kubera ko ngo abajura bayiba
Aho kugirango urarane n’itungo rigutarukiriza amaganga, wafashe umwanzuro wa kigabo aba bajura bo muri FPR ukabamenesha? Ni bo biba bonyine muri iki gihugu.
Gusa hari n’abararana n’amatungo ku mpamvu z’inzu ntoya cg zidahagije. Ibi ni byiza cyane. Aho kugurisha itungo cg udushyimbo wiyejereje ,emera ubiraremo unabirye ejo uticwa n’inzara.
Ibi FPR yazanye byo kubaka inzu zingana na stade ni ukwangiza ibidukikije, guteza inzara, kwishyira mu rugero utagezemo.
N’abanenga inzu ngo mbi kandi banenga FPR ni FPR ya kabili. Aha ikibazo gihari si imiturire, ni amahoro, icyizere, ibiryo, amazi n’umutekano.
Ikibazo ari imiturire, ndumva FPR sima n’amagorofa n’ibyo ifite byabuze ababikoresha!March 8, 2017 at 10:08 pm #376Rwanda
Ibi byo gukoresha ubwoko nk’ubuhagarariye imyumvire runaka hazamo kwibeshya.
Ahubwo njye nkunda kwikoreshereza intore n’interahamwe kuko mu ntore urasangamo abatwa (Theodomir), abatutsi (Kagame), abahutu (Bazivamo), abongereza (Tony Bleir), abanyamerika(Clintons), abafaransa (Hollande).
Mu nterahamwe usangemo abatutsi (Kajuga) , abahutu (Bagosora), abatwa (Budarahamani), abafaransa (ni benshi), abarundi (Adolf).
Ibi bitekerezo amatsinda yombi ahagarariye bikubiye muri philosophies ebyiri capitalism na socialism/communism. Niyo waba utabibona neza biterwa n’uwakoze interpretation kandi habaho forms nyinshi.
Ntago rero wahita wemeza ngo abatutsi bose bahagarariye capitalism kandi harimo abo irenganya, cg ngo uvuge ngo abahutu bose bahagarariye socialism tuzi ibisambo nka Evode na Rucagu. Cyakoze byo urebye umubare, usanga abakora analysis zifashisha amoko bafite akantu k’ukuri mu busesenguzi bwabo. Ariko katuma bibeshya mu gihe bageze nko muri UKRAINe bakaburayo abahutu!March 8, 2017 at 10:10 pm #377RwandaMarch 8, 2017 at 10:19 pm #378Rwanda
AHO KUGIRIRA IMBWA NEZA WAYICA UMURIZO
Yaraje Aranyibwira Numva aho Avuka mpazi ..narindikumwe nundi musore tubana nsanga nawe baziranye kuko Bose Bavuka mu BUGARAMA
nuko akomeza ku mubaza amakuru YABANTU BIWABO akamubwirako bakomeye Akamurangira Aho Iwabo bose Bari Uwo tubana Agasanga ariho Yirirwaga !
Sibwo Yatubwiyeko Yumva Afite inzara kubwo kutabona IBIRYO
NANGE NTI KO MFITE AMAFRANGA WARETSE NGATUMIZA IBIRYO BAKABITUZANIRA HANO KU KAZI UGASANGIRA ?
Ibwo babituzaniye turasangira Amaze Guhaga Ndamubwira ngo Kingura Fligo ..ufate naga FANTA MUNTU WIWACU
Nuko aragafata turuzuzanya Nkabahuje Akarere Kdi nange nkaba mfite Inshuti mubu GARAMA I RUSIZI
Mugihe Akiganira nuwo tubana mba ngiye Gukaraba Kuntoki
Nsiga ABANYABUGARAMA BAGANIRA
NGARUTSE NSANGA ARIGUSHAKA KU GENDA MAZE TURAMUHEREKEZA NKUMUNTU DUHUJE IGIHUGU
KUMBI SINAMENYEKO AGA FONE (4ne ) kange Yagakuye kuri charger ….
Sibwo Twagarutse Twayishaka tukayibura … TUKIBUKA KO YARI YICAYE AKO IRI KURI CHARGER!!!!
AHO KUGIRIRA IMBWA NEZA WAYICA UMURIZO
Muhaye Ibiryo muha icyokunywa
Arko Anyiba fone ???March 9, 2017 at 10:19 pm #392Rwanda
former Mayor of Gicumbi Alexandre Mvuyekure, Arrested
Prosecution has confirmed having in custody Alexandre Mvuyekure, the former Mayor of Gicumbi District, and other former or current district officials.
The crimes they stand accused border on giving undue advantage to some of the bidders in the execution of a district tender.
According to Prosecution Spokesman, Faustin Nkusi, the others in custody include the Chairperson of the District Council, Jean Baptiste Bizimana and Fidele Byiringiro, who was until late last year, the executive secretary of the district.
The other suspects in custody include Dieudonne Mutabaruka, the director of finance, and Faustin Nsengimana, an entreprenuer.
Nkusi said they were arrested on Tuesday and are being held at Byumba Police Station.
They are being investigated by the financial crimes unit of prosecution, he said, without giving specifics.
In July last year, , Mvuyekure and Phocus Mutunzi, who works in the office in charge of good governance, were accused of embezzling money while working as executive secretaries of Rubaya Sector in the same district, and they have been on bail since.
Mvuyekure was the executive of Rubaya sector in 2010 before he was replaced by Mutunzi.
In November last year, Byiringiro tendered in his resignation as district executive secretary, citing personal reasons.March 20, 2017 at 4:46 pm #441Rwanda
…YANDUSHYA MIRANZI YA NYAMUNSI…, YAMPEMUKIRA MIRANZI YA NYAMUNSI……
Ayo ni amwe mu magambo twumva mu ikinamico binshi bita “UWERA”, najye numva nayakoresha ngira nti:”…bampemukira IBIREMWA BY’UMWIJIMA (cfr KGB group)bimwe tubana nabyo, dusangira nabyo, bampemukira….bandushya….
Hari igihe umuntu areba agasanga UBUZIMA bwaramubereye impfabusa(total failure of life),kubera IBYO BIREMWA usanga binafite UBUSHOBOZI busa ndetse nkuburi hejuru y’ubw’IMANA ku isi yabyo.
Nimuri urwo rwego IBYO BIREMWA nsanga byarambujije IBYISI, ariko n’IJURU naryo ntaryonkibonye kuko nta muntu MUBI ujya mwijuru.
Nta gushidikanya ndi MUBI kuko nishwe n’AGAHINDA, ibyo mbihera kuri wamugani uvuga ngo”Agahinda NTIKICA kagira MUBI”.Kandi nukuri nari naravukanye umutima mwiza.
Mbega agahinda ko kuri iyi si ihagaze kugasi!!
Aho umuntu AGUHONYORA,ukaba UTEMEREWE KUBIVUGA,
cyangwa kugirango uramuke ukamusubiza witonze,
uti “BOSS mumbabarire ikirenge cyanjye cyayobeye munsi y’icyanyu!!!”
Birandenga nagisha inama:
Bamwe bati”IHANGANE UPFIRE MURI NYAGASANI”,nkagerageza kwitonda,nirinda kujya mubancumuza, nkisanga narabuze ibitotsi(INSOMNIA),aho ujya kuburiri ukarinda ugeza mugitondo udasinziriye, ukirirwana umunabi n’umunaniro ku munsi ukurikiye!!
Byakwanga abandi bati INYWERE AGASEMBUYE, nabikora nkasanga nongereye ibibazo mu bindi,kwitesha agaciro, kwibwa…
Abandi ngo AMASENGESHO, wakwumva abasenga bitotomba, bakubita ibikuta,bavuza induru, ugasanga nabo baba babuze uwo batura agahinda, bagahimbira ku Mana batabona, nabyo ukabona ko ari ugata umutwe
Hari n’abangira inama y’ako ku MUGONGA W”INGONA, MUGO,….,natekereza abava iWAWA uko bavuga uko hameze,
cyane cyane uko uburenganzira bwa MUNTU bwubuharizwa iyo,nuko ABENSHI mubavayo bongera bakamera nyuma y’igihe gito, nkumva ibikoba birankutse.Hakwiyongeraho n’indwara benshi tumaze kurwara(MALADIES PYSCHOSOMATIQUES)nka DIABETE,UMUTIMA,UMUTWE UDAKIRA,ISESEMI IHORAHO,KWIBAGIRWA KWA HATO NA HATO…biba byaratewe na za STRESS, ANGOISSE n’ANXIETY ugasanga ukoresheje ibiyobyabwenge BITAHURA.
Ibyo byose bituma noneho numva neza indirimbo yitwa BIMAZE IKI KUBAHO, ndetse kenshi na kenshi nkicuza n’impamvu byambayeho.
Ariko uwasaba ko Euthanasie ijyaho yabyemererwa ko mbona n’iby’abatinganyi biri munzira????
Narangiza mvuga nti menya atari jye jyenyine,kuko agahinda no kwiheba, uzabisangana n’abandi:
Umuhanzi NKURUNZIZA muri “MAHIRWE YANJYE WAGIYEHE”.ati”..Ko nsangira inyanya n’inyoni…nkire impanga y’amananiza”!!
Umuhanzi Late Kamaliza muri”MBABARE NGIRE NTE??”,ati”….Mbibwire nde unyumva?…”!
Umuhanzi Late Niyomugabo Philemon muri “MUNSABIRE”, ati”Buri gihe mba ndiho,numva ntariho, nkagerageza kwiyumanganya,..ndasaba unkunda wese kunsabira ngo uwo MUBISHA ankureho amaboko…!
Umuhanzi Jean Paul SAMPUTU, muri “BIMAZE IKI KUBAHO”ati”..sinigeze nsaba kubaho, sinigeze nsaba ngo mvuke,kuki nazira ko ndiho…
…Byaba bimaze iki kubaho niba ntashoboye kubahesha ishema?,…naba narasigariyeho iki?…”
Musigaye mwumva umugani mushya wadutse ugira uti “UWO ISI ITARAKARANGA, IBA IKIMUSHAKIRA IBIRUNGO!!!”, narahira imbere y’Imana ko niba uwo mugani umaze igihe kirekire utarengeje IMYAKA 3 hano mu Rwanda.
Ngaye nguko, mbega kuvukira ahabi!!!IJURU WAPI, IBY’ISI WAPI, UBUZIMA URAGAPUUUUUUUUUUU!!!!!!!!
NUBWO NTAWE UMUNTU ABA ATERA IMBABAZI
KUKO BOSE BAVUNIYE IBITI MU MATWI
ARIKO BYIBURA UMUNTU ABA ARUHUTSE!!just a kind of Psychological Therapy!!March 20, 2017 at 4:47 pm #442RwandaMarch 20, 2017 at 4:49 pm #443Rwanda
*Ntanshuti zibanye nk’amabuno:*
*1. Ntagira ishyari*
*3. Yambara ikariso imwe*
*4. Yicara kuri WC imwe*
*5. Agira boss umwe*
*6. Akubitirwa rimwe*
*7. Arara apfumbatanye*
*8. Aho agiye aragendana*
*9. Arangariza ijisho icyarimwe*
*10. No mwirimbi ntasigana.*
*Alors: twibere nk’amabuno kuko kuyatandukanya ntibishoboka* 😆 😆March 20, 2017 at 4:51 pm #444Rwanda
Aba MAYORS batazibagirana muri 2016:
1. Uwa Gakenke Perezida yaramubajij ngo mayor bite ko abantu bari gupfa maze Mayor nigihunga cyinshi ati nyakubahwa perezida nkwijeje ko ntamuturage wa gakenke uzongera gupfa.
umunyamakuru yaramubajij ati ese niki muteganya gukora kukibazo cy’inkuba Mayor ati” Tugiye gukaza amarondo n’umutekano”.
3. Uwa Muhanga:
ati nyakubahwa perezida nyabarongo turabizeza ko tugiye kuyigira urubogobogo 😀 😀 😀March 20, 2017 at 4:54 pm #445RwandaMarch 21, 2017 at 9:05 pm #468RwandaMarch 26, 2017 at 3:35 pm #488Rwanda
Hashize ibyumweru bitatu bakoze mariage, umugabo yahaye amategeko umugore we.
Yaramubwiye ati: Kuva ubu, ntuzongere kumbaza aho mperereye n’igihe nzajya
Nataha cyangwa se narara yo ibyo ntibikureba. Nzajya ntaha igihe nshakiye, nibiba na ngombwa ndare iyo nzaba nagiye.
Umugore nawe ati. Rwose mugabo nkunda ibyo rwose ntakibazo kirimo.
Nanjye ariko umenye ko saa moya za nimugoroba ngoma kuba ndi kurongorwa, waba uhari cyangwa udahari.
Umugabo kugeza nanubu saa moya aba yatashye, bamaranye 15ans.
Ubwo ninde wemeje undi??March 27, 2017 at 1:41 pm #491Rwanda
Mugitondo nagiye kubona mbona banyoherereje message ngo “ohereza ijambo Rwanda kuri
3838 ubone ibintu ukwiriye kumenya kugihuga cyawe, kumafranga 300 yonyine kumunsi”
kubera ndi patriote (nkunda igihugu) cyane mba ndayohereje bahita bakuraho 300 nari maze kuguriraho
Message yambere yaje yari :”Wari uziko ibendera ry’urwanda rigizwe n’amabara 3, ariyo umuhondo icyatsi n’ubururu” Mba nzunguje umutwe, hasize akanya Baba banyohrereje indi ngo :”wari uziko izina
ry’igihugu cy’urwanda ritangizwa n’inyuguti “R”
Umutwe utangira kundya Hasize akanya baba barongeye ngo:”wari uziko lac Kivu iherereye iburengerazuba bw’urwanda” Amarira yahise atangira kuzenga MUMASO.March 27, 2017 at 1:46 pm #492Rwanda
IYABA BURI UMWE YASOMAGA UBU BUTUMWA
👉 Umuntu uzifuza cyangwa se uzashaka inshuti idakosa cg idafite inenge , azabaho wenyine ,
👉Umuntu uzifuza umugore cg umugabo udafite inenge , azabaho ari ingaragu ubuzima bwose ,
👉Umuntu uzashaka umuvandimwe utagira ibibazo , azabaho akimushakisha ,
👉Umuntu uzifuza umuntu wa hafi ( inshuti nyanshuti ) udakosa azahora ashwana n’abantu !
Tujye twihanganira ibibazo by’abantu n’ibyo bahura nabyo kugira ngo habe ukumvikana hagati yacu !
– Nimba ushaka kubaho wishimye mu buzima , ntugashake ubusobanuro kuri buri kintu cyose kibaye , kandi ntukagenzure buri cyose kiri imbere yawe cyangwa kiguciyeho ,
– Ntugacire abantu urubanza kubera uko ubabona ( uko bagaragara hanze ) , uko baba bameze kose tugomba kumenya ko ari abantu !…