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Impuguke nshya ya coronavirus ishobora kuzagenzurwa binyuze mu kurasa buri mwaka bisa n’ibicurane aho kuba gahunda yo gukingira byinshi, nk’uko umuhanga mu byorezo by’ibyorezo yabitangaje.Coronavirus ishobora kuzagenzurwa

Dr Susan Hopkins yavuze ko muri iki gihe impuguke mu by’ubuzima zo mu Bwongereza zirimo kureba icyakenera ubundi buryo bwo kwirinda indwara ziterwa na coronavirus mu bantu bamaze gukingirwa burundu.

Dr Hopkins, umuyobozi w’ibisubizo by’ingamba z’ubuzima rusange bw’Ubwongereza (PHE), yavuze ko impinduka zo muri Afurika yepfo zifite ihinduka ryinshi kuruta uko byari bimeze mbere.

Yavuze ko bishobora gusobanura uburinzi butangwa ninkingo zisanzwe zishobora kugabanuka, nubwo urwego rusange rw’uburinzi rukiri rwiza cyane.

Ku wa mbere, mu kiganiro n’abanyamakuru ba Downing Street, yagize ati: “Ntabwo bishoboka ko abantu bagomba kongera gutangira (kuvura urukingo).

Ati: “Birashoboka cyane ko byaba ari ukurasa – nk’urukingo rw’ibicurane buri mwaka.”

Umunyamabanga w’ubuzima, Matt Hancock, yavuze ko NHS yari izi neza ibijyanye no gutandukana kwa virusi yibicurane.

Yatangarije iyi nama ati: “Tumaze imyaka 40 dufite gahunda yo gukingira ibicurane kandi buri mwaka ibicurane by’ibicurane biravugururwa kugira ngo tumenye neza ko bishoboka cyane mu kurwanya ibishya.

Ati: “Iki ni igice gisanzwe cyibyo NHS ikora buri gihe cyizuba kugirango iturinde ibicurane.

Ati: “Nizeye ko binyuze muri uru rukingo noneho binyuze mu mirimo dukorana n’abakora inkingo n’abahanga, kugira ngo ibi bigere ahantu hamwe – ko ari ikintu abantu bafite nk’ibisanzwe.”

Dr Peter English, umujyanama mu kurwanya indwara zandura kandi yahoze ari umwanditsi w’ikinyamakuru Inkingo In Practice, yasobanuye ko jab ya mbere ya gahunda y’inkingo ebyiri ikingira “sisitemu” y’umubiri.

Yatangarije ibiro ntaramakuru PA ati: “Sisitemu y’umubiri yiga kumenya antigen kandi itangira kugira icyo ihindura ku mikorere y’umubiri kandi itangira kubyara ingirabuzimafatizo zishobora kubimenya.”

Ariko yavuze ko ari ikinini cya kabiri gitanga urwego runini rwa antibodies na selile T.

Dr English yavuze ko tekinolojiya mishya yatumye inkingo zidoda zidoda ku buryo butandukanye ku buryo bworoshye kandi sisitemu y’umubiri y’umurwayi yari kuba yaratewe no gutangira urukingo rwa mbere.

Ati: “Turashoboye gukingiza abantu bose barengeje imyaka 65 n’umutwaro wose w’abana bato muri GP na farumasi z’abaturage buri mwaka kugira ibicurane”.

Ati: “Nta mpamvu yihariye yatuma tutazashobora kubikora dukoresheje amafuti ya Covid-19 (booster).”

Kugeza ubu ntiharamenyekana niba umugenzuzi w’imiti azafata buri itera rya jab ya Covid-19 nkurukingo rushya rugomba kunyura mu nzira imwe yo kwemeza.

Itandukaniro ry’urukingo rw’ibicurane ntirishobora kugeragezwa igihe kirekire, kuko ritandukanye gato na platifike y’inkingo imaze imyaka mirongo ikoreshwa.

Dr English yavuze ko kuri ubu, Covid-19 isa naho ihinduka gahoro gahoro kuruta ibicurane, bivuze ko urukingo rushobora kutagomba kuvugururwa nk’uko bisanzwe.

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